History of Terracotta Warriors


Terracotta is a fired clay which is used for ornamental building material, bricks, vases, and crockery. It really had great importance in past history people, who used to keep it as a symbol of ancestors. Till Now in many ruler areas, they are also in use. Other than this, there is a big incidence in history related to terra-cotta which is Terracotta Army or Warriors.

Terracotta Army was built under the reign of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. The Terracotta Army is basically a sculpture of people who are buried with Qin Shi Huang in 210-209 BCE with the purpose of protecting the emperor in his Afterlife. The sculpture vary in height according to their roles, the tallest being the generals. The sculpture includes warriors, chariots  and horses. Estimates from 2007 were that the three pits containing the Terracotta Army held more than 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses, and 150 cavalry horses, the majority of which remained buried in the pits near Qin Shi Huang’s mausoleum. Other terracotta non-military figures were found in other pits, including officials, acrobats, strongmen, and musicians.

There were 700,000 workers to complete this project. It took approximately 40 years for the construction of terracotta warriors. the Terracotta Army is now exhibited In Emperor Qin Shi Huang’s Mausoleum Site Museum Before this it was hidden in the area of north China. It usually took 3-4 hours to visit the whole museum. The terracotta warrior is estimated to be worth US$4.5 million, according to the FBI. This amount of army was undiscovered for 2200 years. According to Qin Shi Huang , They simply will wake up and start marching along as they did two thousand years ago. They are not real but have portraited and depicted a real men and the weapons they carried is real which are coated with chromium to protect against rust.

There are mainly 3 pits. After discovering pit 1, archaeologists began to research and protect the site, as well as finding other relics. In 1976, pit 2 was excavated with 1,000 warriors in the chariot cavalry corps and unveiled to the public in 1994. Pit 3 was found in 1976 and opened to visitors in 1987. In December 1987, the site was listed as a world cultural site.

The terracotta figurines are classified into three types: infantry, cavalry, and charioteers; along with terracotta horses.

More recent discoveries include terracotta acrobats and strongmen. Another pit contained 15 terracotta musicians and 13 bronze water birds to entertain the emperor in the afterlife. The warriors have the stamps or names of their makers, including administrators, craftsmen, and foremen. Emperor Qin Shi Huang’s actual tomb remains a mystery to archaeologists and historians as it is still sealed up. There have been geophysical surveys of the tomb mound, but the mausoleum itself has not been excavated.


  1. They are not real but have portraited and depicted a real men and the weapons they carried is real which are coated with chromium to protect against rust


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